There are various types of computer h*ckers that all have different malicious intent. It’s important to know these different types of h*ckers so you can properly defend your data.
The term h*cker is a generic term to describe attackers. Not all have intent to steal your data. Below is a list of various types of h*ckers.
White hat has the skills to break into computer systems and do damage. However, they use their skills to help organizations. For example a white hat might work for an organization to test for security weaknesses and vulnerabilities in the network.
Black Hat also known as a cracker uses his skills to break into computer systems for unethical reasons. For example, steal user data like, username and password, credit card numbers, bank information.
This type can be thought of as a white hat attacker who sometimes acts unethically. They could be employed as a legit network security administrator. But, during this person’s duties, he may find an opportunity for gaining access to company data and stealing that data.
A phreaker is simply a h*cker of telecommunications. An example of this is tricking the phone system into letting you make free long distance calls.
A Script Kiddy is someone who lacks the skills of a typical h*cker. They rely on downloading h*cking programs or utilities sometimes calls scripts to perform an attack.
This is a person with political motivations, such as someone defacing a website and leaving messages on the h*cked site for the world to see.
Computer Security Hacker
This is someone who knows the technical aspects of computer networking and security. This person could attack a network protected by a firewall or IPS by fragmenting packets.
This type is typically an employee or studentat an institution of higher education. They would use the institutions computing resources to write malicious programs.
This is someone that tends to focus more on home computing. Such as, modifying existing hardware or software, use software without a license, unlock Apple iPhone